16.02.2011/EN
FCI-Standard N° 234
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16.02.2011/EN
FCI-Standard N° 234 FCI-Standard N ° 234
XOLOITZCUINTLE Xoloitzcuintle
(Hairless Variety & Coated Variety) (Hairless Variety & Coated Variety)
TRANSLATION: Canine Federation Mexicana, AC Revised by: J. Mulholland and R. Mulholland and R. Triquet / Original version : (ES). Triquet / Original version: (ES).
ORIGIN : Mexico.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD : 13.10.2010.
UTILIZATION: Standard Size: Watchdog
Intermediate Size: Intermediate Size: Watchdog.
Miniature Size: Miniature Size: Companion Dog
FCI-CLASSIFICATION:
Group 5 5 Spitz and Primitive Types.
Section Section 6 6 Primitive Type.
Without working trial.

PREAMBLE: 
The gene That produce the Absence of hair is dominant. Nevertheless, some puppies are born with a coat. The hairless to hairless breeding will produce the least number of coated puppies therefore this has been preferred. THEREFORE this has-been preferred. It has been proven that this breeding maintains and improves the quality of the breed.
Crossing hairless to hairless dogs Fosters the appearance of a fatal gene Affecting 25% of homozygous puppies and Careful Attention Should Be Given. Considering the rarity of the breed, and the difficulty that some breeders in distant locations have in finding breeding stock, and for the purpose of providing genetic diversity, well constructed coated Xoloitzcuintles may be used for breeding but never for exhibition in beauty contests. and for the purpose of Providing genetic diversity,. Xoloitzcuintle coated breeding stock must be the offspring of registered parents with at least one generation of hairless to hairless breeding.

The meat of the Xoloitzcuintli in Nahuatl language or Xoloitzcuintle in Spanish was considered a delicacy in pre-hispanic Mexico, eaten by the indigenous Mexicans in special ceremonies as a ritual to their beliefs, and therefore became scarce, reaching a point of near extinction
The Federación Canofila Mexicana (Mexican Kennel Club) rescued this native breed and has used the Xoloitzcuintle on its logo since 1940. The Federation Canofila Mexicana (Mexican Kennel Club) rescued this native breed and has the Xoloitzcuintle Used On Its logo Since 1940.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : 
Their origin dates far back in history. The indigenous people fed on its highly desired meat in special ceremonies. The Indigenous People On Its Highly Desired fed meat in special ceremonies. The Xoloitzcuintli in Nahuatl language or Xoloitzcuintle in Spanish, was regarded as a representative of the god “Xolotl”, from which its name obviously originates. Its task was to guide the souls of the dead to their eternal destination.
The hairless variety of the breed is also known by the name “perro pelón mexicano” (Mexican Hairless Dog).
The coated variety was known by the natives as “izcuintle

GENERAL APPEARANCE :

Hairless variety:
It is a very attractive dog; the most important characteristic is the complete or almost complete lack of any hair, with a smooth and soft skin. Hairless Variety: with a smooth and soft skin. It has a well-proportioned body, chest is ample, ribs well sprung, limbs and tail are long

Coated variety :
A very attractive, Completely coated dog with the Same Harmonious Proportions as the hairless Variety. The coat Can Be of Any Colour, length and texture. Its body is well-proportioned, chest is ample, ribs well sprung, limbs and tail are long

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
The body, measured from the point of shoulder to the point of buttock and from the highest point of the withers to the ground, is slightly longer than tall: approximately 10:9. Approximately 10:9. Females may be slightly longer than males due to their reproductive function. Females May Be Slightly Longer Than Their males due to reproductive function. The skull and the muzzle are approximately of equal length..

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT :
The Xoloitzcuintle is a silent and calm dog, cheerful, alert and intelligent, suspicious toward strangers, a good watchdog and an excellent companion. is a silent and calm dog, cheerful, alert and intelligent, suspicious Toward strangers, a good watchdog and an excellent companion. It is never aggressive. It is never aggressive.

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Lupoid type, broad and strong, wedge-shaped
Seen from above it is wide and elegant; tapering toward the muzzle with an occipital protuberance that is not well-defined
 The skull and muzzle planes are almost parallel. The skull and muzzle Are Almost parallel plans.
Stop : Slight, but well defined.

FACIAL REGION
Nose :
The nose Should Be dark in dark-colored dogs. It can be brown or pink in bronze-coloured dogs, pink or brown in blond specimens and spotted in spotted dogs. It Can Be brown or pink in bronze-colored dogs, pink or brown in blond specimens and spotted in spotted dogs.

Muzzle 
Seen from the side, the muzzle is straight and the upper and lower jaws are very strong..

Lips
Tight and close fitting. Lips

Jaws / Teeth

Hairless Xoloitzcuintle :
Strong jaws.
The incisors Should close perfectly in a scissor bite with the superior incisors overlapping; the interior surface of the upper incisors Touching the external surface of the lower incisors, squaring the jaw. A level bite, edge to edge, is also permitted. A level bite, edge to edge, también permitted. The absence of a few incisors, canines, molars, pre-molars or rotated teeth should not be penalized, as many dogs do not have deep roots.. Genetically, the absence of hair is closely linked to the absence of teeth. Genetically,

Coated Xoloitzcuintle
Full dentition with scissor or pincer bite is required.
The Xolo's tongue is generally pink but may have black markings, spots or stripes, which is a common characteristic of the breed.The tongue is always inside the mouth.
Cheeks: Slightly developed. Cheeks: Slightly developer.

Eyes
Medium size, almond-shaped, with an alert and very intelligent expression.
The color varies According To the skin color in black, brown, hazel, amber or yellow tones. Darker colours are preferred and both eyes should match. Darker colors and preferred Are Both eyes Should match. The eyelids should be well-pigmented black, brown or grey in dark-coloured dogs. Light-coloured or pink eyelids are permitted in light-coloured dogs although this is not the most desirable colour. Light-colored or pink Eyelids Are permitted in light-colored dogs, although this is Not the Most Desired color.

Ears :

Hairless variety : The ears are long, large, expressive, very elegant and of fine texture; they are reminiscent of “bat” ears.
They Should Be held erect when to alert. In the alert position their axis should be 50 – 80 degrees from horizontal.
Coated variety : The ears are long, large and elegant. They may be held erect or they may be down. They May Be Held erect or They May be down. Any position is acceptable. Both ears should be in the same position, when alert.
NECK: Carried high. Upper line slightly arched. Proportionately long. Slim, flexible, well-muscled and very elegant. The skin on the neck is firm, elastic and close-fitting, without dewlap.. Puppies show folds which disappear with age.
BODY : Strongly built.
Topline: Perfectly straight and level.
Loin : Strong and muscular..
Croup: Profile should be slightly convex with an inclination of approximately 40 degrees to the horizontal
Chest : Seen in profile it is long and deep, descending to the elbows
The ribs are slightly sprung but never flat. Seen from the front the upper chest is of good breadth. The point of the sternum should not protrude.
Underline and belly : Graceful line. Abdomen muscled and moderately tucked up. Abdomen muscled and moderately tucked up.
TAIL: Long, thin and May Have Some tufts of hair, tapering from the base to the tip in the hairless Xoloitzcuintle, and Completely Covered with hair in the coated Xoloitzcuintle. In movement, it is carried up in a curve, never touching the back
When resting, it should hang with a slight hook at the end. Sometimes it is placed between the legs due to cold temperatures, or, this can be considered a sign of shyness.. The tail should nearly reach the hock
The tail in September Should Be an extension of the croup When the dog is at rest.
LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS :
Shoulder : Flat and muscled with good scapula-humeral angulation which allows a long, free and elegant stride.
Elbow : Strong They fit close to the chest, never turned outwards. They fit close to the chest, Never Turn outwards.
Forearm: Forelegs seen from the front are straight and perpendicular to the ground.
Forefeet: Of medium length (hare's foot) with toes arched and close together, may have short coarse hairs in the Hairless Xoloitzcuintle, and be covered with hair in the Coated Xoloitzcuintle. Of medium length (hare's foot) with toes arched and close together, May Have short coarse hairs in the Hairless Xoloitzcuintle, and Be Covered with hair in the Coated Xoloitzcuintle. Nails are black in dark-coloured dogs, and lighter in bronze or blond dogs. Are Nails black in dark-colored dogs, and lighter in bronze or blond dogs. The nails should be trimmed. Should Be The nails trimmed. The foot pads are strong and very resistant to any terrain. The foot pads Are strong and very resistant to Any terrain. The inter-digital membranes are well-developed. The inter-digital membranes Are well-developed. Dewclaws should be removed on all four limbs except in countries where it is illegal to remove them.

HINDQUARTERS :
General appearance: The hindquarters Should Be strong and well-muscled. Seen from behind they are perfectly straight and parallel and never close. They Are Seen from behind perfectly straight and parallel and never close. The angle of the pelvis to the upper thigh joint, stifle and hock, are adequately open to permit both free and strong movement of the legsStifle (Knee) : Stifle (Knee) With a moderate bend.
Hock joint : Cow hocks are to be strongly penalized..
Hind feet : As forefeet..

GAIT / MOVEMENT: In accordance with its angulations, the dog should move freely with a long, elegant, springy step; trot is quick and flowing, head and tail carried high
SKIN :
Hairless Variety :Due to the total absence of hair, the skin of this breed is of great importance.It is smooth, sensitive to touch and feels warmer because of direct heat emission due to the lack of hair; its body temperature is the same as in other dogs with hair.
The difference with haired breeds, which disperse body heat through natural ventilation, is that the skin requires more care from exposure to the sun and elements due to its lack of natural protection. Accidental scars are not penalized. The dog tends to sweat through its feet (foot pads and inter-digital membranes), which is why other than in extreme heat it seldom pants. It should be free of obvious skin problems.
Coated Variety : The skin of the coated Xoloitzcuintle is smooth and Should Be Completely Covered with hair.
COAT
Hair :
Hairless Variety: The characteristic of this breed is the total lack of hair on the body (hairless or nude dog) although there are some short, coarse thick hairs of any colour on the forehead and back of the neck that should never be longer than 2.5 centimeters and should never form a long, soft topknot
It is common to find rough hair on the feet and on the end of the tail, however its absence should not be penalized
Coated Variety : Coated Variety: This variety of the Xoloitzcuintle has hair all over its body. It can be expected to have very little hair on its belly and inside the rear legs. The hair may be of any length or texture, covering the entire body.
They May Be Of Any hair length or texture, Covering The Entire body.
Colour:
Hairless Variety: Solid, uniform, dark colours are preferred
The range includes black, Blackish gray, slate gray, dark gray, reddish, liver, bronze, and blond. There may also be spots of any colour, including white or tri-coloured markings
Coated Variety: It can have any colour or combination of colours in different tones
SIZE :
There are three sizes for males as well as females .
Standard Variety : From 46 to 60 centimeters, tolerance of +2 cm in top quality dogs.
Intermediate Variety: From 36 to 45 centimeters. From 36 to 45 centimeters.
Miniature Variety: From 25 to 35 centimeters. From 25 to 35 centimeters.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
• Very broad head.
• Slack, loose or wrinkled skin in adult dogs.
• Loose, slack or wrinkled skin on the neck in adult dogs.
• Excessive dewlap.
• Light colored, round or protruding eyes.
• Sunken (lordosis) or arched (xifosis) back.
• Steep croup
• Excessively cow hocked
• Tail tightly curled over the back
• Short tail.
• Flat feet.
SEVERE FAULTS:
• Long narrow body with short legs
DISQUALIFYING
• Aggressive or overly shy.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities Shall Be Disqualified.
• Atypical dogs.
• Any Hairless or Coated Xoloitzcuintle with
enognathism.
• Dogs with a poor bite, denoted by poor positioning of the jaws.
• Protruding tongue.
• Blue eyes or flecks of blue in the eyes
• Cropped or droopy ears, in the Hairless Xoloitzcuintle
• Docked tail.
• Hair on any part of the hairless Xoloitzcuintle body other the head, ears, neck, feet and tail
• Any Xoloitzcuintle coated dog .
• Albinism, blindness or deafness.
• • Dogs taller than 62 centimeters or lower than 25 centimeters.
NB: Males should have two testicles of normal appearance fully descended into the scrotum.
The latest amendments are in bold characters. Amendments are in. The latest bold characters.